Here are the boundary conditions we will impose on the model:
The symmetry boundary condition at the top edge implies zero displacement in the axial (y) direction. The top edge represents a plane of symmetry since it is located at the mid-length of the cylinder and we are modeling only half the length. In Ansys software, we impose this symmetry boundary condition using a “Frictionless support.”
In an axisymmetric model, no displacement constraints are necessary in the radial direction to prevent rigid body motion in that direction, because radial displacement represents expansion/contraction of the structure which is resisted structurally.
The following video shows how to specify the physics of the problem: axisymmetric analysis, material properties (Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio), and boundary conditions. These settings get fed into the element formulation when obtaining the numerical solution later.
Note: We perform an axisymmetric analysis by clicking on Geometry, expanding Definition and selecting Axisymmetric for the 2D behavior.